You can still use the Rocket plugin, or W3 Total Cache, dependes on your needs, only one option caused the problem, so you just need to find it, and disable/change that option, not the plugin completely.
I am not sure what plugin you decide to use at the end, so I’ve changed our Image Loading Type (Theme options > Speed Optimization). Images on the Shop page work fine now.
Also, you can read next articles – https://xstore.helpscoutdocs.com/article/100-how-to-speed-up-my-website
https://xstore.helpscoutdocs.com/article/128-how-to-improve-wp-rocket-settings-with-xstore (do not use a few cache plugins at the same time to prevent conflicts)
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